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  • #500STRONG

    New Team, New Shenanigans
    Jan 09

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    So pleased and proud to be part of this amazing group of hardworking people. Watch out 2014: #500STRONG is going to kill it.

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  • Mediating

    Aug 23

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    SCRIPT EXCERPT: Many people today, particularly those living comfortably in the global North, want to do something to solve the problems of the world, such as the problem of global poverty. They want to act upon poverty, alleviate poverty, volunteer to end poverty—but we must ask: What motivates us to travel short or long distances, to spend a day, a week, many months, or even a spare 15 minutes,...

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  • Mediating

    #GlobalPOV=Doing Good Responsibly, Reports NextBillion
    Jul 29

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    NextBillion, an initiative of the World Resources Institute’s Markets and Enterprise Program in partnership with the William Davidson Institute (WDI) at the University of Michigan, is a web forum for the community of business leaders, social entrepreneurs, NGOs, policy makers and academics who want to explore the connection between development and enterprise. NextBillion recently highlighted The #GlobalPOV Project as part of its “NexThought Monday” coverage: Hardly a day goes...

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  • Mediating

    Jul 02

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    SCRIPT EXCERPT: Welcome to the world-class city. It has towers, expressways, shopping malls, airports, private schools, and gated condominiums with golf courses, swimming pools and tennis courts. It has no slums, but the world-class city is built by slums — a paradox isn’t it? To see the city from the slum provides a different view, a view of the global urban future. Based on Prof. Ananya Roy’s popular Global...

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  • Mediating

    May 06

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The third video in The #GlobalPOV Project series is an exploration of the poverty business. SCRIPT EXCERPT: The poor pay more for everything, and such transactions are highly profitable for those selling goods and services to the poor. Profits are made on the labor of the poor, the consumption of the poor, and the debt of the poor; meanwhile the poor remain — poor. So who profits from poverty? Based...

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  • Mediating

    #GlobalPOV on Mediabistro’s “AllTwitter”
    May 03

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    AllTwitter, a Mediabistro website devoted to breaking Twitter news, highlighted The #GlobalPOV Project as part of its “Pay It Forward Friday” coverage. Regarding the #GlobalPOV video series, AllTwitter writes: And the online videos they’re creating are intended to help “crystallize the nuanced teachings of Berkeley’s biggest minor, Global Poverty and Practice, offered by the Blum Center for Developing Economies.” The videos are posted online so those outside of the school can...

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  • Reporting

    ABC’s 20/20 Features Viral Video Footage of Jonas Brothers Stampede
    Apr 26

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    ABC’s primetime news magazine program, “20/20,” aired an investigative report on social behavior and crowd chaos that featured the viral stampede footage I shot using my smartphone at a Jonas Brothers concert in May, 2010. (ABC Air Date: Apr. 26, 2013, Episode: “In An Instant”). NOTE: This post is an update to a previous post tracking the viral popularity of (and subsequent mainstream media interest in) the stampede footage when I posted...

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  • Mediating

    Borgen Project Highlights #GlobalPOV Project
    Apr 16

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The Borgen Project, a nonprofit organization with mission to fight extreme poverty through policy (not charity!) intervention, recently published an article highlighting The #GlobalPOV Project’s mixed-media approach to curriculum development and pedagogy. Check out the article here. To learn more about The Borgen Project, visit the website or read its mission statement below: The Borgen Project believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to...

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  • Mediating

    #GlobalPOV Is “Groundbreaking,” Reports UC Berkeley NewsCenter
    Apr 09

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The UC Berkeley NewsCenter recently sat down and interviewed the #GlobalPOV team to discuss the theory behind the project, the production process, and the fact that Prof. Roy would have had an easier time writing and publishing a book already. (But then that would be boring, no?) The article describes the project as “a groundbreaking alternative to dominant forms of online education, a hot topic that’s on the minds...

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  • Mediating

    Mar 13

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    Prof. Roy micro-lectured into a micro-phone. I painstakingly cut some denim pockets with an X-ACTO knife. And Abby tried to brew tea in cold water. This vid resulted. The following is a behind-the-scenes look into the making of #GlobalPOV’s “Can We Shop To End Poverty?” video. The #GlobalPOV Project is a program of the Global Poverty and Practice (GPP) Minor. Based at the Blum Center for Developing Economies, University of California, Berkeley, the GPP Minor...

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  • Mediating

    Mar 12

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The second video in The #GlobalPOV Project series is an exploration of ethical consumerism and fair trade interventions. SCRIPT EXCERPT: However tempting it may be to believe that we save lives, empower women and do good with our purchases, the impacts of our consumption on poverty cannot be reduced to mere product labels. Consumers need to understand the life histories of global commodities and advocate for changes in how...

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  • Mediating

    Blum Center News: #GlobalPOV Encourages Students To Become Public Scholars
    Dec 04

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The #GlobalPOV Project’s in-class tweeting component was covered in the Fall 2012 edition of the Blum Center newsletter. In the article, writer Javier Kordi notes: Being a public medium, Twitter allows anyone to join the conversation, but also forces Berkeley students to think of themselves as public scholars— everything they post falls under the scrutiny of the global community. . . . Tara Graham, the architect of this project,...

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  • Mediating

    Nov 29

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    Prof. Roy yacked on and on about Bono. Abby did some doodling. I shoved a camera in everyone’s face. This vid resulted. The following is a behind-the-scenes look into the making of The #GlobalPOV Project’s “Who Sees Poverty?” pilot video. The #GlobalPOV Project is a program of the Global Poverty and Practice (GPP) Minor. Based at the Blum Center for Developing Economies at the University of California, Berkeley, the...

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  • Mediating

    Nov 27

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    SCRIPT EXCERPT: Poverty exists. That it exists, that it persists, in the 21st century is an obscenity. We want to end this poverty. We want to make poverty history. But we have to ask ourselves: Who is the “we” who sees poverty? When we see poverty, what is that we see? And finally, how do we act upon these ways of seeing? Based on Prof. Ananya Roy’s popular Global...

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  • Mediating

    Daily Cal Talks Twitter In The Classroom
    Oct 16

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The Daily Californian, the student-run UC Berkeley paper of record, visited Prof. Ananya Roy’s “Global Poverty: Challenges and Hopes In The New Millennium” class this week to explore our use of Twitter in a large lecture hall setting. “By projecting tweets pertaining to the class on a screen, professors are able to use teaching methods that allow large groups of students to interact with one another and the professor...

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  • Mediating

    #GlobalPOV: From Public University To Twitterverse
    Sep 27

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The following was originally published via the #GlobalPOV Blog on the Blum Center for Developing Economies website. I co-authored the piece with Prof. Ananya Roy, Education Director of the Global Poverty and Practice Minor at the University of California, Berkeley. In it, we seek to explain the logic behind The #GlobalPOV Project’s Twitter integration and experimentation. By now, it’s common knowledge that Twitter and other forms of social media are...

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  • Reporting

    OPINION: Military, Money & Motives In Egypt
    Feb 18

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The following was originally published via the Harvard University Press Blog. I co-authored the piece with Nezar AlSayyad, Professor of Architecture and Urban History, and Chair of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. “Egypt has passed through a critical period in her recent history characterized by bribery, mischief, and the absence of governmental stability . . . Accordingly, we have undertaken to clean ourselves up...

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  • Reporting

    Syrian President Bashar al-Assad To Me: “Ask The People If I Am Their Dictator”
    Dec 21

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    In December 2010, days before a street vendor in Tunisia self-immolated and effectively set the Middle East region afire with a wave of popular uprisings, I had the opportunity to accompany an academic delegation to Bashar al-Assad’s presidential palace in Damascus, Syria. I was the only journalist in the delegation, so I was able to ask Assad a series of questions about his leadership style (does he consider himself a dictator?),...

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  • Reporting

    May 15

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    The Jonas Brothers launched their 2010 world tour by giving a free concert at The Grove in Los Angeles, Calif., on May 15, 2010. Over 25,000 adoring fans showed up and made a mad rush for the stage, trampling over each other and security barriers in the process. Chaos ensued, but no injuries were reported. I was there to capture the madness on my smartphone (see above). Nick and...

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  • Reporting

    News Statesman Mag: Sampling of Published Work
    Jul 23

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    While taking a University of Southern California foreign reporting class in London, England, during the summer of 2009, I had the opportunity to work as a web editor for the New Statesman magazine. The following is a sampling of the work produced during this time. I mostly reported U.S. political news stories for the website, but I also had the opportunity to contribute research assistance and book reviews to the print publication....

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  • Reporting

    Race In America: ’08 HuffPo Election Coverage Generates Online Debate
    Oct 14

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    I had the opportunity to report for The Huffington Post’s “Off-The-Bus” election coverage team while studying journalism on an Annenberg Graduate Fellowship at the University of Southern California. The following story highlights excerpts from my interview with L.A. radio host Joe Hicks, a conservative who said he intended to vote for then-presidential candidate John McCain. The story was one of the most popular on the HuffPo site at the time...

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  • So Tweet Me Maybe?

    Sep 12

    Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Written by Tara Graham

    Tweets by @LilMissWordy

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My Students
  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Fencing Policies is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Maria Esparza during the 2013 spring semester. ACCORDING...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Literacy Lockup is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Katherine Fleeman during the 2013 spring semester. ACCORDING...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    SPACExRACE is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Nishant Budhraja during the 2013 spring semester. ACCORDING TO...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    The Conflict Medium is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Rashad Sisemore in my online research and...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Poverty Pitch is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Dominique Martinez in my online research and web...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Musical Bark is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Erica Smolin in my online research and web...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Righteous Eats is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Rachel Soeharto in my online research and web...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Bursting the Bubble is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Nupur Behera during the 2012 spring...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Fist Pump The World is a website produced by U.C. Berkeley undergraduate student Kyle Meshna in my international reporting...

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  • Zithromax and cardiac problems

    Media, Politics & Society: The Arab World In The Global Context is a website I produced to house all...

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Can i buy zithromax

Zithromax and cardiac problems


CLICK HERE to view the most up-to-date version of my CV, along with testimonials from former managers, teammates, collaborators and students.


Zithromax and cardiac problems

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley


Zithromax and cardiac problems

Oct. 2013 — May 2016 | DIRECTOR, BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT & GLOBAL PROGRAMS
500 Startups, Silicon Valley, CA, USA

I led content, branding, marketing, operations, and partnerships for business development & events at 500 Startups. With aim to educate startup and investor audiences, grow the #500STRONG community worldwide, and produce profitable programming, my responsibilities included:

  • Can i buy zithromax

    But the American Rescue Plan, enacted earlier this year, has boosted the ACA’s subsidies, making truly affordable coverage much more available can i buy zithromax than it used to be. The numbers speak for themselves. Exchange enrollment has likely reached a record high of nearly 13 million people in 2021, after more than 2.5 million people enrolled during the buy antibiotics/American Rescue Plan enrollment window, which ended this month in most states. How much are consumers saving on health insurance premiums? can i buy zithromax. And the amount that people are paying for their coverage and care is quite a bit lower than it was before the APR’s subsidy enhancements.

    We can see this across the states that use the federally run exchange (HealthCare.gov), as well as the states that run their own exchanges. Among the people who enrolled during the recent special enrollment period in the 36 states that use HealthCare.gov, average after-subsidy premiums were 27% lower than the amounts can i buy zithromax people were paying pre-ARP. Among HealthCare.gov enrollees who signed up during the special enrollment period or who updated their enrollments to claim the enhanced subsidies, 35% are now paying less than $10/month for their coverage. Average deductibles for new HealthCare.gov enrollees were 90% lower than pre-ARP deductibles, likely driven in large part by the number of people who were able to enroll in free or low-cost Silver plans with built-in cost-sharing reductions. (This includes people receiving unemployment compensation in 2021, as well as people can i buy zithromax who aren’t eligible for Medicaid and whose household income is between 100% and 150% of the federal poverty level.) The state-run exchange in Washington reported that 78% of their enrollees are now receiving premium subsidies, versus 61% before the ARP was implemented.

    And consumers with income above 400% of the poverty level, who were not eligible for subsidies pre-ARP, are now paying an average of $200 less in premiums each month. Washington’s exchange also noted that 15% of their enrollees are now paying $1/month or less for their coverage, versus only 5% whose premiums were that low pre-ARP. The state-run exchange in California reported that consumers with household incomes between 400% can i buy zithromax and 600% of the poverty level are saving an average of almost $800/month on their premiums. (That’s an individual with income up to about $76,000, or a household of four with an income up to about $157,000.) The state-run exchange in Nevada reported that people who enrolled or updated their account since the ARP was implemented are paying an average of $154/month in after-subsidy premiums, whereas the after after-subsidy premium at the end of last winter’s open enrollment period (pre-ARP) was $232/month. Maryland’s state-run exchange reported a 12% increase in the number of enrollees receiving subsidies.

    More than 80% of Maryland’s current exchange enrollees are subsidy-eligible can i buy zithromax. These examples highlight the improved affordability that the ARP has brought to the health insurance marketplaces. People who were already eligible for subsidies are now eligible for larger subsidies. And many of the people who were can i buy zithromax previously ineligible for subsidies — but potentially facing very unaffordable health insurance premiums — are benefiting from the ARP’s elimination of the income cap for subsidy eligibility. How long will the ARP’s subsidy boost last?.

    Although the ARP’s subsidies for people receiving unemployment compensation in 2021 are only available until the end of this year, the rest of the ARP’s premium subsidy enhancements will continue to be available throughout 2022 — and perhaps longer, if Congress extends them. Use our can i buy zithromax updated subsidy calculator to estimate how much you can save on your 2021 health insurance premiums. This means that the affordability gains we’ve seen this year will be available during the upcoming open enrollment period, when people are comparing their plan options for 2022. Robust ACA-compliant coverage will continue to be a more realistic option for more people, reducing the need for alternative coverage options such as short-term plans, fixed indemnity plans, and health care sharing ministry plans. Even catastrophic plans – which are ACA-compliant but not compatible with premium subsidies – are likely to see reduced enrollment can i buy zithromax over the next year, since more people are eligible for enhanced subsidies that make metal-level plans more affordable.

    Can everyone find affordable health insurance now?. Unfortunately, not yet. There are still affordability challenges facing some Americans can i buy zithromax who need to obtain their own health coverage. That includes more than two million people caught in the “coverage gap” in 11 states that have refused to expand eligibility for Medicaid, as well as about 5 million people affected by the ACA’s “family glitch.” There are strategies for avoiding the coverage gap if you’re in a state that hasn’t expanded Medicaid, and Congressional lawmakers are also considering the possibility of a federally-run health program to cover people in the coverage gap. Families affected by the family glitch have access to an employer-sponsored plan that’s affordable for the employee but not for the whole family – and yet the family is also ineligible for subsidies in the marketplace/exchange.

    (It’s possible that the Biden administration could tackle this issue administratively in future rulemaking.) Have ARP’s subsidy boosts been successful? can i buy zithromax. With the exception of those two obstacles, the ARP has succeeded in making affordable health coverage a more realistic option for most Americans who need to obtain their own health coverage. We can see success in the record-high exchange enrollment, the increased percentage of enrollees who are subsidy-eligible, and the reduction in after-subsidy premiums that people are paying. If you’re currently uninsured or covered by a non-ACA-compliant plan (including a grandfathered or grandmothered plan), it’s in your best interest to can i buy zithromax take a moment to see what your options are in the ACA-compliant market. Open enrollment for 2022 coverage starts in just two months, but you may also find that you can still enroll in a plan for the rest of 2021 if you live in a state where a buy antibiotics/American Rescue Plan enrollment window is ongoing, or if you’ve experienced a qualifying event recently (examples include loss of employer-sponsored insurance, marriage, or the birth or adoption of a child).

    Even if you shopped just last winter, during open enrollment for 2021 plans, you might be surprised at the difference between the premiums you would have paid then and now. The ARP wasn’t yet in effect during the last open enrollment period, so if you can i buy zithromax weren’t eligible for a subsidy last time you looked, or if the plans still seemed too expensive even with a subsidy, you’ll want to check again this fall. The subsidies for 2022 will continue to be larger and more widely available than they’ve been in the past, and you owe it to yourself to see what’s available in your area. Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable can i buy zithromax Care Act for healthinsurance.org.

    Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts.Most Americans under the age of 65 get their health insurance from an employer. This makes life fairly simple as long as you have a job that provides solid health benefits. All you need to do is enroll when you’re eligible, and if your employer offers a few options from which to choose, can i buy zithromax pick the one that best fits your needs each year during your employer’s annual enrollment period. But the downside to having health insurance linked to employment is that losing your job will also mean losing your health insurance, adding stress to an already stressful situation. The good news is that you’ve got options — probably several, depending on the circumstances.

    Let’s take a look at what you need to know about health insurance if you’ve lost your job and are facing the loss of your employer-sponsored health can i buy zithromax coverage. Can I enroll in self-purchased insurance as soon as I’ve lost my job?. If you’re losing your job-based health insurance, you do not have to wait for the fall open enrollment period to sign up for a new ACA-compliant plan. Although the buy antibiotics-related special enrollment window for individual/family health plans has already can i buy zithromax ended in most states, you’ll qualify for your own special enrollment period due to the loss of your employer-sponsored health plan. This will allow you to enroll in a plan through the marketplace/exchange and take advantage of the subsidies that are available (and bigger than ever, thanks to the American Rescue Plan), without having to wait until 2022 to get coverage.

    If you enroll prior to your coverage loss, your new plan will take effect the first of the month after your old plan ends, which means you’ll have seamless coverage if your old plan is ending on the last day of the month. Your special enrollment period also continues for 60 days after your coverage loss, although you’d have a can i buy zithromax gap in coverage if you wait and enroll after your old plan ends, since your new plan wouldn’t take effect retroactively. If you’re in that situation, you might find that a short-term health plan is a good option for bridging the gap until your new plan takes effect. Short-term plans won’t cover pre-existing conditions and are not regulated by the Affordable Care Act (ACA). But they can provide fairly good coverage for unexpected medical needs during a temporary window can i buy zithromax when you’d otherwise be uninsured.

    Be sure to check your options again during open enrollment If you sign up for coverage now in your special enrollment period, keep in mind that you’ll still need to re-evaluate your coverage during the upcoming open enrollment period, which begins November 1. Even though you’re enrolling fairly late in 2021, your new plan will reset on January 1, with new pricing and possibly some coverage changes. There also might be new plans available can i buy zithromax in your area for 2022. So your special enrollment period (tied to your coverage loss) will be your opportunity to find the best plan to fit your needs for the rest of this year. And if you’re still going to need self-purchased coverage in 2022, the upcoming open enrollment period will give you a chance to make sure you optimize your coverage for next year as well.

    COBRA (or state continuation) versus self-purchased coverage Depending on the size of your can i buy zithromax employer, COBRA might be offered to you. And even if your employer is too small for COBRA, you might have access to state continuation (“mini-COBRA”), depending on where you live. Either of these options will allow you to temporarily continue the coverage you already have, instead of switching to a new individual-market plan right away. If COBRA or state continuation is available, your can i buy zithromax employer will notify you and give you information about what you’ll need to do to activate the coverage continuation and how long you can keep it. Normally, you have to pay the full cost of COBRA or state continuation coverage, including the portion that your employer previously paid on your behalf — which was likely the bulk of the premiums.

    But until the end of September 2021 (so for just one more month), as part of the American Rescue Plan (ARP), the federal government will pay the full cost of COBRA or state continuation coverage for people who involuntarily lost their jobs. For much can i buy zithromax of this year, the soon-to-end COBRA subsidy has changed the calculus that normally goes into the decision of whether to continue an employer-sponsored plan or switch to a self-purchased individual/family plan. But after the end of September, the normal decision-making process will again apply. And you’ll have a special enrollment period when the COBRA subsidy ends, which will allow you to transition to an individual/family plan at that point if you want to. COBRA coverage vs can i buy zithromax individual-market health insurance Here’s what to keep in mind when you’re deciding between COBRA and an individual-market health plan – either initially, or after the COBRA subsidy ends on September 30.

    ACA marketplace subsidies are now available at all income levels, depending on the cost of coverage in your area (the American Rescue Plan eliminated the income cap for subsidy eligibility for 2021 and 2022). And the subsidies are substantial, covering the majority of the premium cost for the majority of marketplace enrollees. Unless your employer is continuing to can i buy zithromax subsidize your COBRA coverage after the federal subsidy expires, you’ll probably find that the monthly premiums are lower if you enroll in a plan through the marketplace, as opposed to continuing your employer-sponsored plan. Have you already spent a significant amount of money on out-of-pocket costs under your employer-sponsored plan this year?. You’ll almost certainly be starting over at $0 if you switch to an individual/family plan, even if it’s offered by the same insurer that provides your employer-sponsored coverage.

    Depending on can i buy zithromax the specifics of your situation, the money you’ve already paid for out-of-pocket medical expenses this year could offset the lower premiums you’re likely to see in the marketplace. Do you have certain doctors or medical facilities you need to continue to use?. You’ll want to carefully check the provider networks of the available individual/family plans to see if they’re in-network. And if can i buy zithromax there are specific medications that you need, you’ll want to be sure they’re on the formularies of the plans you’re considering. Will you qualify for a premium subsidy if you switch to an individual/family plan?.

    If you do qualify, you’ll need to shop in your exchange/marketplace, as subsidies are not available if you buy your plan directly from an insurance company. (You can call the number at can i buy zithromax the top of this page to be connected with a broker who can help you enroll in a plan through the exchange.) And again, as a result of the ARP, subsidies are larger and more widely available than usual. That will continue to be the case throughout 2022 as well. Free health insurance if you collected unemployment in 2021 If you’re approved for even one week of unemployment compensation in 2021, you qualify for a premium subsidy that will fully cover the cost of the two lowest-cost Silver plans in the marketplace/exchange in your area, through the end of the year. The subsidy will also likely cover the full cost of many of the Bronze plans, and possibly some of the Gold plans, depending on the pricing of plans where you can i buy zithromax live.

    This is a special subsidy rule created by the ARP, for 2021 only. In addition to the subsidy that will allow you to get a free Silver plan, it will also ensure that any of the available Silver plans have full cost-sharing reductions. What if can i buy zithromax my income is too low for subsidies?. In order to qualify for premium subsidies for a plan purchased in the marketplace, you must not be eligible for Medicaid, Medicare, or an employer-sponsored plan, and your income has to be at least 100% of the federal poverty level. (As noted above, for 2021 only, you’re eligible for subsidies if you receive unemployment compensation, regardless of your actual total income for the year, as long as you’re not eligible for Medicaid, Medicare, or an employer’s plan.) In most states, the ACA’s expansion of Medicaid eligibility provides coverage to adults with household income up to 138% of the poverty level, with eligibility determined based on current monthly income.

    So if your income has suddenly dropped to $0, you’ll likely be eligible for Medicaid and could transition to Medicaid when your can i buy zithromax job-based coverage ends. Unfortunately, there are still 11 states where most adults face a coverage gap if their household income is below the federal poverty level. They aren’t eligible for premium subsidies in the marketplace (unless they’ve received unemployment compensation in 2021 and can thus qualify for 2021 subsidies). This is an unfortunate situation that those 11 states have created can i buy zithromax for their low-income residents. But there are strategies for avoiding the coverage gap if you’re in one of those states.

    And keep in mind that subsidy eligibility in the marketplace is based on your household income for the whole year, even if your current monthly income is below the poverty level. So if you earned enough earlier in the year to be subsidy-eligible for can i buy zithromax 2021, you can enroll in a plan with subsidies based on that income, despite the fact that you might not earn anything else for the rest of the year. When open enrollment begins in November, you’ll need to project your 2022 income as accurately as possible, if you’re still needing to purchase your own coverage for 2022. But for the rest of 2021, you can use the income you already earned this year to qualify for subsidies. What if I’ll soon be can i buy zithromax eligible for Medicare?.

    There has been an increase recently in the number of people retiring in their late 50s or early 60s, before they’re eligible for Medicare. The ACA made this a more realistic option starting in 2014, thanks to premium subsidies and the elimination of medical underwriting. And the ARP has boosted subsidies and made them more widely available for 2021 and 2022, making affordable coverage can i buy zithromax more accessible for early retirees. That’s especially true for those whose pre-retirement income might have made them ineligible for subsidies in the year they retired, due to the “subsidy cliff” (which has been eliminated by the ARP through the end of 2022). So if you’re losing your job or choosing to leave it and you still have a few months or a few years before you’ll be 65 and eligible for Medicare, rest assured that you won’t have to go uninsured.

    You’ll be able to sign up for a marketplace plan during your special enrollment period triggered by the loss can i buy zithromax of your employer-sponsored plan. And even if you earned a fairly robust income in the earlier part of the year, you might still qualify for premium subsidies to offset some of the cost of your new plan for the rest of 2021. You’ll then be able to update your projected income for 2022 during the upcoming open enrollment period. Your subsidies will adjust in January can i buy zithromax to reflect your 2022 income. And marketplace plans are always purchased on a month-to-month basis, so you’ll be able to cancel your coverage when you eventually transition to Medicare, regardless of when that happens.

    Don’t worry, get covered The short story on all of this?. Coverage is available, and obtaining your own health plan isn’t as complicated as it might seem at first can i buy zithromax glance, even if you’ve had employer-sponsored coverage all your life. You can sign up outside of open enrollment if you’re losing your job-based insurance, and there’s a good chance you’ll qualify for financial assistance that will make your new plan affordable. You can learn more about the marketplace in your state and the available plan options by selecting your state on this map. And there are zero-cost enrollment assisters – can i buy zithromax Navigators and brokers – available throughout the country to help you make sense of it all.

    Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable Care Act for healthinsurance.org. Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts..

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    Debate over the idea that the antibiotics antibiotics emerged from a laboratory has escalated over the past few weeks, coinciding with the annual World Health Assembly, at which the Can you buy ventolin nebules over the counter World Health Organization (WHO) and officials from nearly 200 countries discussed zithromax and cardiac problems the buy antibiotics zithromax. After last year’s assembly, the WHO agreed to sponsor the first phase of an investigation into the zithromax’s origins, which took place in China in early 2021. Most scientists say antibiotics probably has a natural origin, and was zithromax and cardiac problems transmitted from an animal to humans.

    However, a lab leak has not been ruled out, and many are calling for a deeper investigation into the hypothesis that the zithromax emerged from the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV), located in the Chinese city where the first buy antibiotics cases were reported. On 26 May, US President Joe Biden tasked the US Intelligence Community to join efforts to find antibiotics’s origins, whatever they might be, and report back in 90 days. Australia, the European Union zithromax and cardiac problems and Japan have also called for a robust investigation into antibiotics’s origins in China.

    The WHO has yet to reveal the next phase of its investigation. But China has asked that the probe examine other countries. Such reticence, and the fact that China has zithromax and cardiac problems withheld information in the past, has fuelled suspicions of a ‘lab leak’.

    For instance, Chinese government officials suppressed crucial public-health data at the start of the buy antibiotics zithromax, and during the 2002–04 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, according to high-level reports. At the assembly, Mike Ryan, director of health emergencies at the WHO, asked for less politicization of calls for an origin investigation, which have, in many ways, devolved into accusations. €œOver the last number of days, we have seen more and zithromax and cardiac problems more and more discourse in the media, with terribly little actual news, or evidence, or new material,” said Ryan.

    €œThis is disturbing.” Nature looks at the key arguments that support a lab leak, and the extent to which research has answers. There’s not yet any substantial evidence for a lab leak. Why are scientists zithromax and cardiac problems still considering it?.

    Scientists don’t have enough evidence about the origins of antibiotics to rule out the lab-leak hypothesis, or to prove the alternative—that the zithromax has a natural origin. Many infectious-disease researchers agree that the most probable scenario is that the zithromax evolved naturally and spread from a bat either directly to a person or through an intermediate animal. Most emerging infectious diseases begin with a zithromax and cardiac problems spillover from nature, as was seen with HIV, influenza epidemics, Ebola outbreaks and the antibioticses that caused the SARS epidemic beginning in 2002 and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak beginning in 2012.

    Researchers have some leads that support a natural origin. Bats are known carriers of antibioticses, and scientists have determined that the genome of antibiotics is most similar to that of RATG13, a antibiotics that was first found in a horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus affinis) in the southern Chinese province of Yunnan in 2013. But RATG13’s genome is only 96% identical to antibiotics’s, suggesting that a closer relative of the zithromax—the one passed to humans—remains zithromax and cardiac problems unknown.

    Still, the possibility remains that antibiotics escaped from a lab. Although lab leaks have never caused an epidemic, they have resulted in small outbreaks involving well-documented zithromaxes. A relevant example happened in 2004, when two researchers were independently infected by the zithromax that causes SARS at zithromax and cardiac problems a virology lab in Beijing that studied the disease.

    They spread the to seven others before the outbreak was contained. What are the key arguments for a lab leak?. In zithromax and cardiac problems theory, buy antibiotics could have come from a lab in a few ways.

    Researchers might have collected antibiotics from an animal and maintained it in their lab to study, or they might have created it by engineering antibiotics genomes. In these scenarios, a person in the lab might have then been accidentally or deliberately infected by the zithromax, and then spread it to others—sparking the zithromax. There is currently no clear evidence to back these scenarios, but zithromax and cardiac problems they aren’t impossible.

    People have made a number of arguments for a lab origin for antibiotics that are currently conjecture. One holds that it’s suspicious that, almost a year and a half into the zithromax, antibiotics’s closest relative still hasn’t been found in an animal. Another suggests it is no coincidence that buy antibiotics was first detected in zithromax and cardiac problems Wuhan, where a top lab studying antibioticses, the WIV, is located.

    Some lab-leak proponents contend that the zithromax contains unusual features and genetic sequences signalling that it was engineered by humans. And some say that antibiotics spreads among people so readily that it must have been created with that intention. Another argument suggests that antibiotics might have zithromax and cardiac problems derived from antibioticses found in an unused mine where WIV researchers collected samples from bats between 2012 and 2015.

    So what do infectious disease researchers and evolutionary biologists say about these arguments?. Is it suspicious that no animal has been identified as transmitting the zithromax to humans?. Outbreak-origin investigations often take years, and zithromax and cardiac problems some culprits remain unknown.

    It took 14 years to nail down the origin of the SARS epidemic, which began with a zithromax in bats that spread to humans, most likely through civets. To date, a complete Ebola zithromax has never been isolated from an animal in the region where the world’s largest outbreak occurred between 2013 and 2016. Origin investigations are complicated because outbreaks zithromax and cardiac problems among animals that aren't the main hosts of a particular zithromax, such as civets in the case of SARS, are often sporadic.

    Researchers must find the right animal before it dies or clears the . And, even if the animal tests positive, zithromaxes found in saliva, faeces or blood are often degraded, making it difficult to sequence the pathogen’s whole genome. Scientists have made some progress since the zithromax began, however zithromax and cardiac problems.

    For example, a report, posted to the preprint server bioRxiv on 27 May, suggests that RmYN02, a antibiotics in bats in southern China, might be more closely related to antibiotics than RATG13 is. As for finding an intermediate host animal, researchers in China have tested more than 80,000 wild and domesticated animals. None have been positive for antibiotics zithromax and cardiac problems.

    But this number is a tiny fraction of the animals in the country. To narrow the search down, researchers say, more strategic testing is needed to isolate animals that are most susceptible to and those that come in close contact with people. They also suggest using antibody tests to zithromax and cardiac problems identify animals that have previously been infected with the zithromax.

    Is it suspicious that the WIV is in Wuhan?. Virology labs tend to specialize in the zithromaxes around them, says Vincent Munster, a virologist at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories, a division of the National Institutes of Health, in Hamilton, Montana. The WIV specializes in antibioticses because zithromax and cardiac problems many have been found in and around China.

    Munster names other labs that focus on endemic viral diseases. Influenza labs in Asia, haemorrhagic fever labs in Africa and dengue-fever labs in Latin America, for example. €œNine out of ten times, when there’s a new outbreak, you’ll find a lab that will be working on these kinds zithromax and cardiac problems of zithromaxes nearby,” says Munster.

    Researchers note that a antibiotics outbreak in Wuhan isn’t surprising, because it’s a city of 11 million people in a broader region where antibioticses have been found. It contains an airport, train stations and markets selling goods and wildlife transported there from around the region — meaning a zithromax could enter the city and spread rapidly. Does the zithromax have zithromax and cardiac problems features that suggest it was created in a lab?.

    Several researchers have looked into whether features of antibiotics signal that it was bioengineered. One of the first teams to do so, led by Kristian Andersen, a virologist at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California, determined that this was “improbable” for a few reasons, including a lack of signatures of genetic manipulation. Since then, others have asked whether the zithromax’s furin cleavage site—a feature that helps it to enter cells—is evidence of engineering, because antibiotics zithromax and cardiac problems has these sites but its closest relatives don’t.

    The furin cleavage site is important because it's in the zithromax's spike protein, and cleavage of the protein at that site is necessary for the zithromax to infect cells. But many other antibioticses have furin cleavage sites, such as antibioticses that cause colds. Because zithromaxes containing the site are scattered across the antibiotics family tree, rather than confined to a group of closely related zithromaxes, Stephen Goldstein, a virologist at the zithromax and cardiac problems University of Utah in Salt Lake City, says the site probably evolved multiple times because it provides an evolutionary advantage.

    Convergent evolution—the process by which organisms that aren’t closely related independently evolve similar traits as a result of adapting to similar environments—is incredibly common. Another feature of zithromax and cardiac problems antibiotics that has drawn attention is a combination of nucleotides that underlie a segment of the furin cleavage site. CGG (these encode the amino acid arginine).

    A Medium article that speculates on a lab origin for antibiotics quotes David Baltimore, a Nobel laureate and professor emeritus at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, as saying that zithromaxes don’t usually have that particular code for arginine, but humans often do—a “smoking gun”, hinting that researchers might have tampered with antibiotics’s genome. Andersen says zithromax and cardiac problems that Baltimore was incorrect about that detail, however. In antibiotics, about 3% of the nucleotides encoding arginine are CGG, he says.

    And he points out that around 5% of those encoding arginine in the zithromax that caused the original SARS epidemic are CGG, too. In an e-mail to Nature, Baltimore says Andersen could be correct that evolution produced antibiotics, but adds that “there are other possibilities zithromax and cardiac problems and they need careful consideration, which is all I meant to be saying”. Is it true that antibiotics must have been engineered, because it's perfect for causing a zithromax?.

    Many scientists say no. Just because the zithromax spreads among zithromax and cardiac problems humans doesn't mean it was designed to do so. It also flourishes among mink and infects a host of carnivorous mammals.

    And it wasn’t optimally transmissible among humans for the better part of last year. Rather, new, more zithromax and cardiac problems efficient variants have evolved around the world. To name one example, the highly transmissible variant of antibiotics first reported in India (B.1.617.2, or Delta) has mutations in the nucleotides encoding its furin cleavage site that appear to make the zithromax better at infecting cells.

    €œThis was not some supremely adapted pathogen,” says Joel Wertheim, a molecular epidemiologist at the University of California San Diego. Did researchers collect antibiotics zithromax and cardiac problems from a mine?. Researchers from the WIV collected hundreds of samples from bats roosting in a mine between 2012 and 2015, after several miners working there had gotten sick with an unknown respiratory disease.

    (Last year, researchers reported that blood samples taken from the miners tested negative for antibodies against antibiotics, meaning that the sickness was probably not buy antibiotics.) Back at the lab, WIV researchers detected nearly 300 antibioticses in the bat samples, but they were able to get whole or partial genomic sequences from fewer than a dozen , and none of those that were reported were antibiotics. During the WHO-led origins probe earlier this year, WIV researchers told investigators that they cultured only three antibioticses at the lab, and none were closely related to zithromax and cardiac problems antibiotics. Although the investigators didn’t sift through freezers at the WIV to confirm this information, the low number of genomes and cultures doesn’t surprise virologists.

    Munster says it’s exceedingly difficult to extract intact antibioticses from bat samples. zithromax levels tend to be low in the animals, and zithromaxes are often degraded in zithromax and cardiac problems faeces, saliva and droplets of blood. Additionally, when researchers want to study or genetically alter zithromaxes, they need to keep them (or synthetic mimics of them) alive, by finding the appropriate live animal cells for the zithromaxes to inhabit in the lab, which can be a challenge.

    So, for antibiotics to have come from this mine in China, WIV researchers would have had to overcome some serious technical challenges—and they would have kept the information secret for a number of years and misled investigators on the WHO-led mission, scientists point out. There's no evidence zithromax and cardiac problems of this, but it can't be ruled out. What’s next for lab-leak investigations?.

    Biden asked the US Intelligence Community to report back to him in 90 days. Perhaps this zithromax and cardiac problems investigation will shed light on undisclosed US intel reported by The Wall Street Journal suggesting that three staff members at the WIV were sick in November 2019, before the first cases of buy antibiotics were reported in China. The article claims that US officials have different opinions on the quality of that intel.

    And researchers at the WIV have maintained that staff at the institute tested negative for antibodies that would indicate antibiotics prior to January 2020. Last week, Anthony Fauci, Biden’s chief medical adviser, asked Chinese officials zithromax and cardiac problems to release the hospital records of WIV staff members. Others have asked for blood samples from WIV staff members, and access to WIV bat and zithromax samples, laboratory notebooks and hard drives.

    But it’s unclear what such asks will yield because China has not conceded to demands for a full lab investigation. A spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, zithromax and cardiac problems Zhao Lijian, said that US labs should instead be investigated, and that some people in the United States “don't care about facts or truth and have zero interest in a serious science-based study of origins”. As Biden's investigation commences and the WHO considers the next phase in its origin study, zithromax experts are bracing themselves for a long road ahead.

    €œWe want an answer,” says Jason Kindrachuk, a virologist at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada. €œBut we may have to keep piecing bits of evidence together as weeks and months and years move forward.” This article is reproduced with permission and was first published on June 8 2021.Labor Department officials on Thursday announced a temporary emergency standard to protect health care workers, zithromax and cardiac problems saying they face “grave danger” in the workplace from the ongoing antibiotics zithromax. The new standard would require employers to remove workers who have buy antibiotics from the workplace, notify workers of buy antibiotics exposure at work and strengthen requirements for employers to report worker deaths or hospitalizations to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    €œThese are the workers who continue to go into work day in and day out to take care of us, to save our lives,” said Jim Frederick, acting assistant secretary of Labor for occupational safety and health. €œAnd we must make sure we do everything in our power to return the favor to protect them.” The new rules are set to take effect immediately after publication in the Federal Register and zithromax and cardiac problems are expected to affect about 10.3 million health care workers nationwide. The government’s statement of reasons for the new rules cites the work of KHN and The Guardian in tallying more than 3,600 health care worker buy antibiotics deaths through April 8.

    Journalists documented far more deaths than the limited count by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which through May tallied 1,611 deaths on case-reporting forms that were often incomplete. The Lost on the Frontline project documented early calls for better respiratory protection for health care workers than loose-fitting face masks, noted serious complaints to OSHA from hospital workers that went unaddressed and revealed repeated employer failures to report dozens of worker zithromax and cardiac problems deaths. It also found that health care employers were often remiss in notifying workers about exposure to the antibiotics on the job.

    The new standard would address some of those problems. The rules require workers to wear zithromax and cardiac problems N95 or elastomeric respirators when in contact with people with either suspected or confirmed buy antibiotics. They strengthen employer record-keeping requirements, saying employers must document all worker buy antibiotics cases (regardless of whether they were deemed work-related) and report work-related deaths even if they occur more than 30 days after exposure.

    Until now, employers were required to report a hospitalization only if it came within 24 hours of a workplace exposure. Now all work-related buy antibiotics hospitalizations must be reported zithromax and cardiac problems. The rules also mandate notification about exposure to a sick colleague, patient or customer if the worker was not wearing a respirator.

    There is a lot to like about the new rule—except for the timing, according to Barbara Rosen, vice president of the Health Professionals and Allied Employees union in New Jersey. €œIt’s a little late,” she zithromax and cardiac problems said. €œIf we had had this in place at the beginning, it would have saved a lot of lives and a lot of suffering that has gone on with health care workers and probably patients in hospitals because of the spread.” She said she was pleased with the requirement that workers be paid when they isolate with buy antibiotics and that employers formulate a detailed buy antibiotics plan with the input of non-managers.

    The day after he took office, President Joe Biden issued an executive order calling on OSHA to “take swift action to reduce the risk that workers may contract buy antibiotics in the workplace.” The rule has been criticized for coming late — about which Labor Department officials said on a press call that such standards typically take years, not months, to formulate. It has also been derided for failing to enact zithromax and cardiac problems requirements on employers outside of health care. €œOSHA’s failure to issue a buy antibiotics-specific standard in other high-risk industries, like meat and pouy processing, corrections, homeless shelters and retail establishments is disappointing,” according to a statement from David Michaels, a former OSHA administrator and professor with the George Washington University School of Public Health.

    €œIf exposure is not controlled in these workplaces, they will continue to be important drivers of s.” The new rule also cites 67,000 worker complaints during the zithromax, with “more complaints about healthcare settings than any other industry.” The rule would protect workers from retaliation for staying home when sick with buy antibiotics, alerting their employer about a buy antibiotics hazard or exercising their rights under the emergency rule. Through March 7, about half of health care workers said they had received at least their zithromax and cardiac problems first dose of a buy antibiotics treatment, according to a KFF-Washington Post poll. About one-third of those polled said they were unsure if they would get a treatment.

    The issue has been controversial, especially in Houston, where workers at one hospital staged a protest over their employer’s treatment mandate. The new rules exempt some office-based health care workplaces where all staff members are vaccinated and measures zithromax and cardiac problems are taken to screen people with potential illness. The rule summary estimates the measures will prevent 776 deaths and 295,000 s.

    The new rule also says it will “enable OSHA to issue more meaningful penalties for willful or egregious violations, thus facilitating better enforcement and more effective deterrence against employers who intentionally disregard … employee safety.” Kristin Carbone said the measure came too late for her mother, Barbara Birchenough, 65, a New Jersey hospital nurse who’d asked family members to gather gardening gloves and trash bags to serve as makeshift personal protective equipment before she fell ill and later died on April 15, 2020. Still, she said, it’s a zithromax and cardiac problems necessary step. €œIf there is a silver lining,” she said, “I’m glad that out of this tragedy come positives for the people that are left behind.” KHN (Kaiser Health News) is a nonprofit news service covering health issues.

    It is an editorially independent program of KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation) that is not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente..

    Debate over the idea look at this website that the antibiotics antibiotics can i buy zithromax emerged from a laboratory has escalated over the past few weeks, coinciding with the annual World Health Assembly, at which the World Health Organization (WHO) and officials from nearly 200 countries discussed the buy antibiotics zithromax. After last year’s assembly, the WHO agreed to sponsor the first phase of an investigation into the zithromax’s origins, which took place in China in early 2021. Most scientists can i buy zithromax say antibiotics probably has a natural origin, and was transmitted from an animal to humans. However, a lab leak has not been ruled out, and many are calling for a deeper investigation into the hypothesis that the zithromax emerged from the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV), located in the Chinese city where the first buy antibiotics cases were reported.

    On 26 May, US President Joe Biden tasked the US Intelligence Community to join efforts to find antibiotics’s origins, whatever they might be, and report back in 90 days. Australia, the European Union and Japan have also called for a can i buy zithromax robust investigation into antibiotics’s origins in China. The WHO has yet to reveal the next phase of its investigation. But China has asked that the probe examine other countries.

    Such reticence, and the fact that China has withheld information in the can i buy zithromax past, has fuelled suspicions of a ‘lab leak’. For instance, Chinese government officials suppressed crucial public-health data at the start of the buy antibiotics zithromax, and during the 2002–04 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, according to high-level reports. At the assembly, Mike Ryan, director of health emergencies at the WHO, asked for less politicization of calls for an origin investigation, which have, in many ways, devolved into accusations. €œOver the last number of days, can i buy zithromax we have seen more and more and more discourse in the media, with terribly little actual news, or evidence, or new material,” said Ryan.

    €œThis is disturbing.” Nature looks at the key arguments that support a lab leak, and the extent to which research has answers. There’s not yet any substantial evidence for a lab leak. Why are scientists can i buy zithromax still considering it?. Scientists don’t have enough evidence about the origins of antibiotics to rule out the lab-leak hypothesis, or to prove the alternative—that the zithromax has a natural origin.

    Many infectious-disease researchers agree that the most probable scenario is that the zithromax evolved naturally and spread from a bat either directly to a person or through an intermediate animal. Most emerging infectious diseases begin with a spillover from nature, as was seen with HIV, influenza epidemics, Ebola outbreaks and the antibioticses that caused the SARS epidemic beginning in 2002 and the Middle East can i buy zithromax respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak beginning in 2012. Researchers have some leads that support a natural origin. Bats are known carriers of antibioticses, and scientists have determined that the genome of antibiotics is most similar to that of RATG13, a antibiotics that was first found in a horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus affinis) in the southern Chinese province of Yunnan in 2013.

    But RATG13’s genome is only 96% identical to antibiotics’s, suggesting that a closer relative of the zithromax—the one passed to can i buy zithromax humans—remains unknown. Still, the possibility remains that antibiotics escaped from a lab. Although lab leaks have never caused an epidemic, they have resulted in small outbreaks involving well-documented zithromaxes. A relevant example happened in 2004, when two researchers were independently infected by the zithromax that causes SARS at a virology lab in can i buy zithromax Beijing that studied the disease.

    They spread the to seven others before the outbreak was contained. What are the key arguments for a lab leak?. In theory, buy antibiotics could have come from a can i buy zithromax lab in a few ways. Researchers might have collected antibiotics from an animal and maintained it in their lab to study, or they might have created it by engineering antibiotics genomes.

    In these scenarios, a person in the lab might have then been accidentally or deliberately infected by the zithromax, and then spread it to others—sparking the zithromax. There is currently can i buy zithromax no clear evidence to back these scenarios, but they aren’t impossible. People have made a number of arguments for a lab origin for antibiotics that are currently conjecture. One holds that it’s suspicious that, almost a year and a half into the zithromax, antibiotics’s closest relative still hasn’t been found in an animal.

    Another suggests it is no coincidence that buy antibiotics was first detected in Wuhan, where can i buy zithromax a top lab studying antibioticses, the WIV, is located. Some lab-leak proponents contend that the zithromax contains unusual features and genetic sequences signalling that it was engineered by humans. And some say that antibiotics spreads among people so readily that it must have been created with that intention. Another argument suggests that antibiotics might have derived from antibioticses found in an unused mine where WIV researchers collected can i buy zithromax samples from bats between 2012 and 2015.

    So what do infectious disease researchers and evolutionary biologists say about these arguments?. Is it suspicious that no animal has been identified as transmitting the zithromax to humans?. Outbreak-origin investigations can i buy zithromax often take years, and some culprits remain unknown. It took 14 years to nail down the origin of the SARS epidemic, which began with a zithromax in bats that spread to humans, most likely through civets.

    To date, a complete Ebola zithromax has never been isolated from an animal in the region where the world’s largest outbreak occurred between 2013 and 2016. Origin investigations are complicated because outbreaks among animals that can i buy zithromax aren't the main hosts of a particular zithromax, such as civets in the case of SARS, are often sporadic. Researchers must find the right animal before it dies or clears the . And, even if the animal tests positive, zithromaxes found in saliva, faeces or blood are often degraded, making it difficult to sequence the pathogen’s whole genome.

    Scientists have made some progress since the zithromax can i buy zithromax began, however. For example, a report, posted to the preprint server bioRxiv on 27 May, suggests that RmYN02, a antibiotics in bats in southern China, might be more closely related to antibiotics than RATG13 is. As for finding an intermediate host animal, researchers in China have tested more than 80,000 wild and domesticated animals. None have been can i buy zithromax positive for antibiotics.

    But this number is a tiny fraction of the animals in the country. To narrow the search down, researchers say, more strategic testing is needed to isolate animals that are most susceptible to and those that come in close contact with people. They also suggest using antibody tests to identify animals that can i buy zithromax have previously been infected with the zithromax. Is it suspicious that the WIV is in Wuhan?.

    Virology labs tend to specialize in the zithromaxes around them, says Vincent Munster, a virologist at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories, a division of the National Institutes of Health, in Hamilton, Montana. The WIV specializes in antibioticses because many have been can i buy zithromax found in and around China. Munster names other labs that focus on endemic viral diseases. Influenza labs in Asia, haemorrhagic fever labs in Africa and dengue-fever labs in Latin America, for example.

    €œNine out of ten times, when there’s a new outbreak, you’ll find a lab can i buy zithromax that will be working on these kinds of zithromaxes nearby,” says Munster. Researchers note that a antibiotics outbreak in Wuhan isn’t surprising, because it’s a city of 11 million people in a broader region where antibioticses have been found. It contains an airport, train stations and markets selling goods and wildlife transported there from around the region — meaning a zithromax could enter the city and spread rapidly. Does the zithromax have features that suggest it was can i buy zithromax created in a lab?.

    Several researchers have looked into whether features of antibiotics signal that it was bioengineered. One of the first teams to do so, led by Kristian Andersen, a virologist at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California, determined that this was “improbable” for a few reasons, including a lack of signatures of genetic manipulation. Since then, others have asked whether the zithromax’s furin cleavage site—a feature that helps it to enter cells—is evidence of engineering, because antibiotics has these can i buy zithromax sites but its closest relatives don’t. The furin cleavage site is important because it's in the zithromax's spike protein, and cleavage of the protein at that site is necessary for the zithromax to infect cells.

    But many other antibioticses have furin cleavage sites, such as antibioticses that cause colds. Because zithromaxes containing the site are scattered across the antibiotics family tree, rather than confined to a group of closely related zithromaxes, Stephen Goldstein, a virologist at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, says the site probably evolved multiple times because it provides an can i buy zithromax evolutionary advantage. Convergent evolution—the process by which organisms that aren’t closely related independently evolve similar traits as a result of adapting to similar environments—is incredibly common. Another feature of antibiotics that has drawn attention is a combination can i buy zithromax of nucleotides that underlie a segment of the furin cleavage site.

    CGG (these encode the amino acid arginine). A Medium article that speculates on a lab origin for antibiotics quotes David Baltimore, a Nobel laureate and professor emeritus at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, as saying that zithromaxes don’t usually have that particular code for arginine, but humans often do—a “smoking gun”, hinting that researchers might have tampered with antibiotics’s genome. Andersen says that Baltimore can i buy zithromax was incorrect about that detail, however. In antibiotics, about 3% of the nucleotides encoding arginine are CGG, he says.

    And he points out that around 5% of those encoding arginine in the zithromax that caused the original SARS epidemic are CGG, too. In an e-mail to Nature, Baltimore says Andersen could be correct that evolution produced antibiotics, but adds can i buy zithromax that “there are other possibilities and they need careful consideration, which is all I meant to be saying”. Is it true that antibiotics must have been engineered, because it's perfect for causing a zithromax?. Many scientists say no.

    Just because the zithromax spreads among can i buy zithromax humans doesn't mean it was designed to do so. It also flourishes among mink and infects a host of carnivorous mammals. And it wasn’t optimally transmissible among humans for the better part of last year. Rather, new, more can i buy zithromax efficient variants have evolved around the world.

    To name one example, the highly transmissible variant of antibiotics first reported in India (B.1.617.2, or Delta) has mutations in the nucleotides encoding its furin cleavage site that appear to make the zithromax better at infecting cells. €œThis was not some supremely adapted pathogen,” says Joel Wertheim, a molecular epidemiologist at the University of California San Diego. Did researchers collect antibiotics from a can i buy zithromax mine?. Researchers from the WIV collected hundreds of samples from bats roosting in a mine between 2012 and 2015, after several miners working there had gotten sick with an unknown respiratory disease.

    (Last year, researchers reported that blood samples taken from the miners tested negative for antibodies against antibiotics, meaning that the sickness was probably not buy antibiotics.) Back at the lab, WIV researchers detected nearly 300 antibioticses in the bat samples, but they were able to get whole or partial genomic sequences from fewer than a dozen , and none of those that were reported were antibiotics. During the WHO-led origins probe can i buy zithromax earlier this year, WIV researchers told investigators that they cultured only three antibioticses at the lab, and none were closely related to antibiotics. Although the investigators didn’t sift through freezers at the WIV to confirm this information, the low number of genomes and cultures doesn’t surprise virologists. Munster says it’s exceedingly difficult to extract intact antibioticses from bat samples.

    zithromax levels tend to be low in the can i buy zithromax animals, and zithromaxes are often degraded in faeces, saliva and droplets of blood. Additionally, when researchers want to study or genetically alter zithromaxes, they need to keep them (or synthetic mimics of them) alive, by finding the appropriate live animal cells for the zithromaxes to inhabit in the lab, which can be a challenge. So, for antibiotics to have come from this mine in China, WIV researchers would have had to overcome some serious technical challenges—and they would have kept the information secret for a number of years and misled investigators on the WHO-led mission, scientists point out. There's no evidence of this, but it can't be ruled out can i buy zithromax.

    What’s next for lab-leak investigations?. Biden asked the US Intelligence Community to report back to him in 90 days. Perhaps this investigation will shed light on undisclosed US intel reported by The Wall Street Journal suggesting that three staff members at the WIV were sick in November 2019, before the first can i buy zithromax cases of buy antibiotics were reported in China. The article claims that US officials have different opinions on the quality of that intel.

    And researchers at the WIV have maintained that staff at the institute tested negative for antibodies that would indicate antibiotics prior to January 2020. Last week, Anthony Fauci, Biden’s chief medical adviser, asked Chinese officials to can i buy zithromax release the hospital records of WIV staff members. Others have asked for blood samples from WIV staff members, and access to WIV bat and zithromax samples, laboratory notebooks and hard drives. But it’s unclear what such asks will yield because China has not conceded to demands for a full lab investigation.

    A spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, Zhao Lijian, said that US labs should instead be investigated, and that some people in the United States “don't care about facts or truth and have zero can i buy zithromax interest in a serious science-based study of origins”. As Biden's investigation commences and the WHO considers the next phase in its origin study, zithromax experts are bracing themselves for a long road ahead. €œWe want an answer,” says Jason Kindrachuk, a virologist at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada. €œBut we may have to keep can i buy zithromax piecing bits of evidence together as weeks and months and years move forward.” This article is reproduced with permission and was first published on June 8 2021.Labor Department officials on Thursday announced a temporary emergency standard to protect health care workers, saying they face “grave danger” in the workplace from the ongoing antibiotics zithromax.

    The new standard would require employers to remove workers who have buy antibiotics from the workplace, notify workers of buy antibiotics exposure at work and strengthen requirements for employers to report worker deaths or hospitalizations to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. €œThese are the workers who continue to go into work day in and day out to take care of us, to save our lives,” said Jim Frederick, acting assistant secretary of Labor for occupational safety and health. €œAnd we must make sure we do everything in can i buy zithromax our power to return the favor to protect them.” The new rules are set to take effect immediately after publication in the Federal Register and are expected to affect about 10.3 million health care workers nationwide. The government’s statement of reasons for the new rules cites the work of KHN and The Guardian in tallying more than 3,600 health care worker buy antibiotics deaths through April 8.

    Journalists documented far more deaths than the limited count by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which through May tallied 1,611 deaths on case-reporting forms that were often incomplete. The Lost on the Frontline project documented early calls for better respiratory protection for health care workers than loose-fitting face masks, noted serious complaints to OSHA from hospital workers that went unaddressed and revealed repeated employer failures can i buy zithromax to report dozens of worker deaths. It also found that health care employers were often remiss in notifying workers about exposure to the antibiotics on the job. The new standard would address some of those problems.

    The rules require workers to wear can i buy zithromax N95 or elastomeric respirators when in contact with people with either suspected or confirmed buy antibiotics. They strengthen employer record-keeping requirements, saying employers must document all worker buy antibiotics cases (regardless of whether they were deemed work-related) and report work-related deaths even if they occur more than 30 days after exposure. Until now, employers were required to report a hospitalization only if it came within 24 hours of a workplace exposure. Now all work-related buy antibiotics hospitalizations must be reported can i buy zithromax.

    The rules also mandate notification about exposure to a sick colleague, patient or customer if the worker was not wearing a respirator. There is a lot to like about the new rule—except for the timing, according to Barbara Rosen, vice president of the Health Professionals and Allied Employees union in New Jersey. €œIt’s a can i buy zithromax little late,” she said. €œIf we had had this in place at the beginning, it would have saved a lot of lives and a lot of suffering that has gone on with health care workers and probably patients in hospitals because of the spread.” She said she was pleased with the requirement that workers be paid when they isolate with buy antibiotics and that employers formulate a detailed buy antibiotics plan with the input of non-managers.

    The day after he took office, President Joe Biden issued an executive order calling on OSHA to “take swift action to reduce the risk that workers may contract buy antibiotics in the workplace.” The rule has been criticized for coming late — about which Labor Department officials said on a press call that such standards typically take years, not months, to formulate. It has also been derided for failing can i buy zithromax to enact requirements on employers outside of health care. €œOSHA’s failure to issue a buy antibiotics-specific standard in other high-risk industries, like meat and pouy processing, corrections, homeless shelters and retail establishments is disappointing,” according to a statement from David Michaels, a former OSHA administrator and professor with the George Washington University School of Public Health. €œIf exposure is not controlled in these workplaces, they will continue to be important drivers of s.” The new rule also cites 67,000 worker complaints during the zithromax, with “more complaints about healthcare settings than any other industry.” The rule would protect workers from retaliation for staying home when sick with buy antibiotics, alerting their employer about a buy antibiotics hazard or exercising their rights under the emergency rule.

    Through March can i buy zithromax 7, about half of health care workers said they had received at least their first dose of a buy antibiotics treatment, according to a KFF-Washington Post poll. About one-third of those polled said they were unsure if they would get a treatment. The issue has been controversial, especially in Houston, where workers at one hospital staged a protest over their employer’s treatment mandate. The new rules exempt some office-based health care workplaces where can i buy zithromax all staff members are vaccinated and measures are taken to screen people with potential illness.

    The rule summary estimates the measures will prevent 776 deaths and 295,000 s. The new rule also says it will “enable OSHA to issue more meaningful penalties for willful or egregious violations, thus facilitating better enforcement and more effective deterrence against employers who intentionally disregard … employee safety.” Kristin Carbone said the measure came too late for her mother, Barbara Birchenough, 65, a New Jersey hospital nurse who’d asked family members to gather gardening gloves and trash bags to serve as makeshift personal protective equipment before she fell ill and later died on April 15, 2020. Still, she can i buy zithromax said, it’s a necessary step. €œIf there is a silver lining,” she said, “I’m glad that out of this tragedy come positives for the people that are left behind.” KHN (Kaiser Health News) is a nonprofit news service covering health issues.

    It is an editorially independent program of KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation) that is not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente..

    What is Zithromax?

    AZITHROMYCIN is a macrolide antibiotic that interferes with the growth of bacterial cells. It is used to treat bacterial s in many different parts of the body. Azithromycin also treats sexually transmitted vaginal or urinary tract s caused by chlamydia. It will not work for colds, flu, or other zithromax s.

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    Increased economic Ventolin cost per pill integration and technological advancements in communication and transportation zithromax 250mg oral tablet over the past several decades have spurred growth in cross-national investment, migration and cultural exchange. Nations, economies and people are increasingly interconnected and interdependent. Increasingly ‘globalised’ zithromax 250mg oral tablet. The concept of globalisation entered the mainstream vocabulary in the 1990s, but its history has been fraught with controversy.1 Primarily an economic process involving domestic deregulation, trade liberalisation and privatisation, globalisation can have profound social and cultural ramifications.

    Proponents highlight the economic benefits and improved standards of living for many communities, while opponents of globalisation focus on the disproportionate channelling of wealth to larger Western nations and the further disempowerment of populations who lack the skills to meaningfully zithromax 250mg oral tablet participate in this flow of information and resources.1Similarly, the globalisation of healthcare has also inspired competing interpretations and perspectives. Historically, the globalisation of health has referred to the cross-border flow of healthcare professionals for employment, patients for medical services and public health and research measures across nations. These broad categories reflect the challenges zithromax 250mg oral tablet in defining this critical concept that informs social policy, drives change and impacts population health outcomes. More recently, the globalisation of medical education has been used to describe the transnational transfer of curricula, practices and accreditation standards, the global movements of faculty and medical trainees, and the establishment of international branches of medical schools and academic institutions.2 3 The importation of Western-based competencies and educational modalities has sparked discourse around the potential for ‘homogenisation and cultural dominance’ in medical education.2 4 Global accreditation requirements purport to establish standard outcomes and ensure minimum levels of competence, using standardised curricula and accreditation protocols.3 However, globalised medical education may not consistently align with local priorities and needs and has been criticised for imposing Western paradigms on non-dominant nations.2 For example, in India, Western influences predominate medical education, whereby curricula often focus on diseases not relevant to the community.5 In Southeast Asia, student-centred teaching approaches, including problem-based learning, were adopted even though they conflicted with longstanding cultural traditions and norms between students and teachers.6 As such, researchers and educators have expressed concerns that international medical education is overlooking important cultural nuances and is, instead, promoting standards that are Western, rather than truly global.2As medical educators in the Middle East, we have witnessed the effects of globalised medical education.

    Many students are sponsored by the government to train in medical schools and residency programmes in North America, Australia and Europe, with little zithromax 250mg oral tablet consideration of the alignment between the type and content of training received abroad and the needs of the home country to which they return. More recently, several Gulf countries have mandated the wide-scale implementation of US-based accreditation frameworks as part of graduate medical education reform efforts.3 7 8 This often translates to medical trainees that are taught by multinational faculty, using Western-based curricula and assessment methods, in fundamentally different sociocultural, economic and regulatory contexts. The question zithromax 250mg oral tablet remains. How do educational systems maintain best practice and outcome standards while remaining responsive to the local needs?.

    Over the past decade, educational researchers worldwide have proposed glocalisation as zithromax 250mg oral tablet a potential answer.Glocalisation, a neologism combining the terms globalisation and localisation, describes the adaptation of international standards to local needs and cultures.4 By glocalising curricula, accreditation standards and educational practices, trainees learn to provide global standards of care that address local health priorities. The ultimate goal of the glocalisation of medical education is the advancement of population health outcomes and system responsiveness to local health needs. Glocalisation efforts in the zithromax 250mg oral tablet medical education literature highlight three main themes. (1) local adaptation of accreditation standards, (2) exploration of educational methodologies towards glocalisation and (3) identification of challenges facing glocalisation efforts.

    We will review each of these areas in an attempt to further describe this construct.Much zithromax 250mg oral tablet of the globalisation in medical education literature deals with the adoption of accreditation standards. Many countries in Europe, Asia and the Middle East have adopted the competency-based framework of the Royal College of Canada.9 When the US-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education offered international accreditation services in 2010, several countries rapidly adopted its model and standards.3 Not surprisingly, glocalisation efforts have focused on ensuring local relevance of related standards and processes. Research has shown that these zithromax 250mg oral tablet efforts are diverse and often require input from multiple stakeholders. For example, Ho et al describe four categories of deviation between global accreditation standards and medical schools attempting to glocalise their local accreditation systems in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea.4 These include structural differences of medical education in the national context (such as programme length, entry requirements and school governance), differences requiring adaptation of standards to conform to local regulatory environments, developmental trajectory differences representing the influence of contextual events on medical education and aspirational differences reflecting local priorities and focuses.4Other attempts to glocalise have focused on educational competencies, rather than accreditation standards.

    Several authors have questioned the applicability of Western definitions of medical zithromax 250mg oral tablet professionalism to their local contexts. In this regards, glocalisation efforts towards the development of culturally relevant medical professionalism curricula represent a common area of study.10 For example, in the United Arab Emirates, we implemented a novel methodology towards glocalising medical professionalism, employing several consensus-gathering techniques. The resultant definition identified additional domains to Western definitions of professionalism that incorporated culturally relevant constructs, including spirituality in professional practice and the role of family and community in patient care decisions.10 Many other educational constructs, zithromax 250mg oral tablet such as leadership, communication skills and medical ethics, cannot be directly imported from one country to another but require local adaptation.Finally, when considering the process of glocalisation, studies reveal that educational leaders must give due consideration to the complexity of challenges encountered. These include diverse or conflicting views on educational objectives and scopes, a lack of representation of the diverse perspectives of the local context, a lack of a shared mental model of competence, misalignment of educational requirements and health system factors and the influence of power relationships and decision-makers on the glocalisation process.4 Ensuring diverse representation in glocalisation efforts is critical to fostering consensus, mitigating the challenges identified, facilitating the consideration of contextual factors and leveraging local networks of support.All education is local.

    However, for the foreseeable future, healthcare and zithromax 250mg oral tablet health education will be impacted by an increasingly interconnected world. This serves to highlight the critical importance of ensuring that medical education institutions remain accountable to the communities they serve. These seemingly discordant responsibilities are reconciled through zithromax 250mg oral tablet deliberate glocalisation efforts. If the ultimate goal of medical education is the production of a competent healthcare workforce, equipped with universal practice standards that can meet local population health needs, glocalisation practices must be viewed as essential components of educational standards, and should be adopted by medical educators, accreditation and regulatory bodies and healthcare institutions in the global arena.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required.AbstractThe concept of continuity in medical education reflects the progressive professional and personal development that physicians need in education.

    The aim of this study is investigating the views of the residents about the adequacy zithromax 250mg oral tablet of undergraduate and postgraduate education in the context of preparing them for the next stage and their perceptions about the transition period. This phenomenological study was conducted at Hacettepe University Medical School. The study group consisted of medical and surgical sciences residents in the first year and last year of postgraduate medical education zithromax 250mg oral tablet. Four focus group interviews were held with the participation of 21 residents.

    The participants emphasised that practising with real patients under supervision by taking an active role in healthcare teams was important for their preparation for the next stage zithromax 250mg oral tablet in their carrier. However, their educational experiences during undergraduate medical education differed in community-based education, scientific research training, learning in small groups, internship and guidance of clinical educators. The transition period has been expressed with the zithromax 250mg oral tablet concepts of identity change, high responsibilities and expectations required by the new identity, adaptation to the healthcare team, institution, and health system, meeting the expectations in an overly busy work environment, and feelings of incompetence. Participants pointed out that curriculum, which was declared and taught, educational environments, assessment approaches, consultancy systems and practices differed between the clinical departments.

    In line with the principles of competency-based education, practices related to the development zithromax 250mg oral tablet and assessment of the competencies with all professional aspects in postgraduate medical education can be strengthened.Medical education &. Training.

    Increased economic integration and technological advancements can i buy zithromax in communication and transportation over the past several decades have spurred growth in cross-national http://www.kunstabstrakt-golling.de/ventolin-cost-per-pill/ investment, migration and cultural exchange. Nations, economies and people are increasingly interconnected and interdependent. Increasingly ‘globalised’ can i buy zithromax. The concept of globalisation entered the mainstream vocabulary in the 1990s, but its history has been fraught with controversy.1 Primarily an economic process involving domestic deregulation, trade liberalisation and privatisation, globalisation can have profound social and cultural ramifications. Proponents highlight the economic benefits and improved standards of living for many communities, while opponents of globalisation focus on the disproportionate channelling of wealth to larger Western nations and the further disempowerment of populations who lack the skills to meaningfully participate in this flow of information and resources.1Similarly, the globalisation can i buy zithromax of healthcare has also inspired competing interpretations and perspectives.

    Historically, the globalisation of health has referred to the cross-border flow of healthcare professionals for employment, patients for medical services and public health and research measures across nations. These broad categories reflect the challenges in defining this critical concept that informs social policy, drives can i buy zithromax change and impacts population health outcomes. More recently, the globalisation of medical education has been used to describe the transnational transfer of curricula, practices and accreditation standards, the global movements of faculty and medical trainees, and the establishment of international branches of medical schools and academic institutions.2 3 The importation of Western-based competencies and educational modalities has sparked discourse around the potential for ‘homogenisation and cultural dominance’ in medical education.2 4 Global accreditation requirements purport to establish standard outcomes and ensure minimum levels of competence, using standardised curricula and accreditation protocols.3 However, globalised medical education may not consistently align with local priorities and needs and has been criticised for imposing Western paradigms on non-dominant nations.2 For example, in India, Western influences predominate medical education, whereby curricula often focus on diseases not relevant to the community.5 In Southeast Asia, student-centred teaching approaches, including problem-based learning, were adopted even though they conflicted with longstanding cultural traditions and norms between students and teachers.6 As such, researchers and educators have expressed concerns that international medical education is overlooking important cultural nuances and is, instead, promoting standards that are Western, rather than truly global.2As medical educators in the Middle East, we have witnessed the effects of globalised medical education. Many students are sponsored by the government to train in medical can i buy zithromax schools and residency programmes in North America, Australia and Europe, with little consideration of the alignment between the type and content of training received abroad and the needs of the home country to which they return. More recently, several Gulf countries have mandated the wide-scale implementation of US-based accreditation frameworks as part of graduate medical education reform efforts.3 7 8 This often translates to medical trainees that are taught by multinational faculty, using Western-based curricula and assessment methods, in fundamentally different sociocultural, economic and regulatory contexts.

    The question can i buy zithromax remains. How do educational systems maintain best practice and outcome standards while remaining responsive to the local needs?. Over the past decade, educational researchers worldwide have proposed can i buy zithromax glocalisation as a potential answer.Glocalisation, a neologism combining the terms globalisation and localisation, describes the adaptation of international standards to local needs and cultures.4 By glocalising curricula, accreditation standards and educational practices, trainees learn to provide global standards of care that address local health priorities. The ultimate goal of the glocalisation of medical education is the advancement of population health outcomes and system responsiveness to local health needs. Glocalisation efforts in the medical education literature highlight three can i buy zithromax main themes.

    (1) local adaptation of accreditation standards, (2) exploration of educational methodologies towards glocalisation and (3) identification of challenges facing glocalisation efforts. We will review each of these areas in an attempt to further describe this construct.Much of the globalisation in medical education literature deals can i buy zithromax with the adoption of accreditation standards. Many countries in Europe, Asia and the Middle East have adopted the competency-based framework of the Royal College of Canada.9 When the US-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education offered international accreditation services in 2010, several countries rapidly adopted its model and standards.3 Not surprisingly, glocalisation efforts have focused on ensuring local relevance of related standards and processes. Research has shown can i buy zithromax that these efforts are diverse and often require input from multiple stakeholders. For example, Ho et al describe four categories of deviation between global accreditation standards and medical schools attempting to glocalise their local accreditation systems in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea.4 These include structural differences of medical education in the national context (such as programme length, entry requirements and school governance), differences requiring adaptation of standards to conform to local regulatory environments, developmental trajectory differences representing the influence of contextual events on medical education and aspirational differences reflecting local priorities and focuses.4Other attempts to glocalise have focused on educational competencies, rather than accreditation standards.

    Several authors have can i buy zithromax questioned the applicability of Western definitions of medical professionalism to their local contexts. In this regards, glocalisation efforts towards the development of culturally relevant medical professionalism curricula represent a common area of study.10 For example, in the United Arab Emirates, we implemented a novel methodology towards glocalising medical professionalism, employing several consensus-gathering techniques. The resultant definition identified additional domains to Western definitions of professionalism that incorporated culturally relevant constructs, including spirituality in professional practice and the role of family and community in patient care decisions.10 Many other educational constructs, such as leadership, communication skills and medical ethics, cannot be directly imported from one country to another but require can i buy zithromax local adaptation.Finally, when considering the process of glocalisation, studies reveal that educational leaders must give due consideration to the complexity of challenges encountered. These include diverse or conflicting views on educational objectives and scopes, a lack of representation of the diverse perspectives of the local context, a lack of a shared mental model of competence, misalignment of educational requirements and health system factors and the influence of power relationships and decision-makers on the glocalisation process.4 Ensuring diverse representation in glocalisation efforts is critical to fostering consensus, mitigating the challenges identified, facilitating the consideration of contextual factors and leveraging local networks of support.All education is local. However, for the foreseeable future, healthcare and health education will be impacted by an increasingly can i buy zithromax interconnected world.

    This serves to highlight the critical importance of ensuring that medical education institutions remain accountable to the communities they serve. These seemingly discordant responsibilities are reconciled through deliberate glocalisation can i buy zithromax efforts. If the ultimate goal of medical education is the production of a competent healthcare workforce, equipped with universal practice standards that can meet local population health needs, glocalisation practices must be viewed as essential components of educational standards, and should be adopted by medical educators, accreditation and regulatory bodies and healthcare institutions in the global arena.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required.AbstractThe concept of continuity in medical education reflects the progressive professional and personal development that physicians need in education. The aim of this study is investigating the views of the residents about the adequacy of undergraduate and can i buy zithromax postgraduate education in the context of preparing them for the next stage and their perceptions about the transition period. This phenomenological study was conducted at Hacettepe University Medical School.

    The study can i buy zithromax group consisted of medical and surgical sciences residents in the first year and last year of postgraduate medical education. Four focus group interviews were held with the participation of 21 residents. The participants emphasised that practising with real patients under supervision by taking an active role in healthcare teams was important for can i buy zithromax their preparation for the next stage in their carrier. However, their educational experiences during undergraduate medical education differed in community-based education, scientific research training, learning in small groups, internship and guidance of clinical educators. The transition period has been expressed with the concepts of identity change, high responsibilities and expectations required by the new identity, adaptation to the healthcare team, institution, and health system, meeting the expectations in an overly busy work environment, and feelings can i buy zithromax of incompetence.

    Participants pointed out that curriculum, which was declared and taught, educational environments, assessment approaches, consultancy systems and practices differed between the clinical departments. In line with the principles of competency-based education, practices related to the development and assessment of the competencies with all professional aspects in postgraduate can i buy zithromax medical education can be strengthened.Medical education &. Training.

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    A vein of formIn footballing vernacular (and I’m an ardent student) zithromax 600mg a ‘vein of form’ means see a good run. For whatever reason ‘something’ gelled, continues to gel and there are no reasons to see an end to the gelling. The reasons can be purely sporting (the mix of players, the 3-5-2 vs the 4-2-3-1 formation) or related to the aura a winning side zithromax 600mg builds, respect (timidity and fear perhaps) induced by the seeming insuperability of the side. But, what does this mean now and in the long term?. The bottom line is that outcomes (results) breed zithromax 600mg outcomes, an area under scrutiny in this issue.

    From causation to interpretation, our papers illustrate this more articulately than my ungainly analogy manages.Prematurity. Decodifying outcomesThis issue is rich with detail on research and perspectives on the developmental trajectories of preterm babies equally relevant for non-neonatologists as those whose day jobs are NICU-based. €˜But isn’t zithromax 600mg this old hat?. €™ I hear you protest… Emphatically ‘no’, as the surface has only really been scratched especially in the previously-considered-risk-free late preterm and early groups. Neora Alterman and colleagues’ analysis of educational zithromax 600mg outcome by degree of prematurity in babies recruited in the UK Millennium Cohort Study included 12 081 children assessed at 11 years by parental report.

    The overall prevalence of SEN of 11.2% and, by GA subgroup, was inversely associated with gestational age. At <32 weeks the prevalence of 27.4% with an adjusted relative risk of 2.9 (95% CI 2.0 to 4.1). Those born at early term (37–38 weeks), a much larger contributor numerically at a population level, were at higher risk of SEN zithromax 600mg (aRR=1.33. 95% CI 1.11 to 1.59). Think about this the next time you reassure the parents zithromax 600mg of a 38 week gestation baby that ‘there’s no need for follow-up as we don’t see problems at this age’.Neil Marlow puts the population attributable risks in perspective, argues the case for health-educational linkage and for looking beyond the (let’s be honest) rather crude dichotomy of the SEN label.Lex Doyle and colleagues reviews of outcome data in extremely preterm babies over time using data from various sources.

    The Victoria cohort studies from 1991, the Victoria Cerebral Palsy (CP) register and other comparable studies. Progress has been slow and erratic zithromax 600mg. Progress in CP but the academic performance gap worsened. Without refinements to ante- and postnatal identification and intervention this discussion will simply continue. See pages 842, 833 and 834MicrocephalyIt’s well known that microcephaly (<2 SD below the mean) of any degree is predictive of later developmental, hearing and zithromax 600mg visual problems with a clear dose response association.

    The Zika-related epidemic microcephaly epidemic in the mid 2010s focused on the most severely affected babies but the population attributable risks of more subtle damage both at an individual level and outside the Brazil and Caribbean epicentres. The findings from two national surveillance studies estimating the degree of Zika zithromax related congenital microcephaly from the Australian and Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Unit/Programmes by Carolos Nunez’s and Shaun Morris’ groups respectively go some zithromax 600mg way to answering this. Data from the 2016–18 (Australia) and 2016–2019 (Canada) estimate similar incidences of microcephaly (1.12 and 0.45 babies/ 10 000 births) with extremely few being Zika related.A high proportion of babies in both studies had associated dysmorphology and, sadly but unsurprisingly, fared badly. In a knight’s move thinking way, there’s an additional lesson here. Despite the low incidence so far outside South and Central America, we can’t completely count on the geographical and meteorological fastidiousness of the aedes zithromax 600mg aegyptae mosquito.

    Remember how easily Yellow fever and Dengue sneaked into the US from South East Asia some decades ago the aedes larvae vector crossing the oceans nestling in pools of water in the base of untreated rubber tyres. Aedes is simply a metaphor of the way in which our zithromax 600mg fates/outcomes are all interconnected and that Global health (and no one needs reminding as the zithromax continues to ebb, flow and confound and ice caps melt) isn’t about low and middle income countries alone. See page 849Parenteral nutritionFar from being the finished article, parenteral nutrition continues to evolve. In a ‘Voices from history’ piece, Rachel Pybus and John Puntis outline its heritage from William Harvey’s discovery of circulation in the 17th century to a period of awakening in the wake of, in 1949, work by the Medical Research Council showing that the components of proteins (digested casein, amino acids and polypeptides), could be administered intravenously. The idea gained traction and popularity during the 1970s with breakthrough ideas in the means of adding the ‘other components’, lipids and to this day is finding new uses in areas unimaginable in the heady post war zithromax 600mg era.

    See page 921Consent can be a difficult issue, especially in children’s health. We describe two cases where our current zithromax has caused a novel issue in this area.A child with a complex background presented with croup zithromax 600mg to their local district general hospital. While there was no suspicion of buy antibiotics , hospital policy dictated all admissions to the ward should be screened for buy antibiotics, regardless of presentation. The mother refused consent zithromax 600mg for the swab as she did not display the classical symptoms. The second patient presented to a tertiary hospital with high temperatures and joint pain and met the hospital criteria for buy antibiotics testing.

    The mother refused consent for the swab, though agreed to isolate with the family for 2 weeks. The child zithromax 600mg was treated with suspected buy antibiotics precautions while an inpatient.In the first case, the child would not have met criteria for testing due to symptoms alone and only required the test for admission, though the patient was quickly well enough for discharge, and there was no ongoing consequence for nursing care, precautions or bed management. In the second case, despite the child having a temperature and requiring admission, the mother refused consent for the buy antibiotics swab as she did not want to distress her son. The fever mandated the child being treated as a possible case of buy antibiotics, which led to a clear impact on staff zithromax 600mg caring for the child, bed management as well as the contacts of the patient.We know, as defined by our legal bodies, we can over-rule parents withholding consent if lack of intervention would result in death or severe permanent disfigurement. Clearly, this is not the case in these instances, though in times of a global zithromax, the arguable moral and social obligations to carry out appropriate screening are not being met.

    Such obligations are not normally enforceable, but the picture becomes complicated with the existence of UK buy antibiotics laws and penalties for failing to comply.The solution to this situation of consenting for buy antibiotics swabs is probably exploring the reasons why consent is withheld. Parents may zithromax 600mg simply be worried about the procedure, hence time and gentle explanation may be all that is needed. However, while awaiting a result, the child and family may need to isolate and this could result in loss of school time, loss of parental earnings and impact the psychosocial well-being of families. Another influencing factor may be the fear of a positive result, and this may lead to the problems just described.Both these cases were discussed zithromax 600mg in an ethics committee meeting. While there is no clear answer, clearly we should not be refusing treatment based on a refusal of screening, especially in children.

    There is a need for published guidance for these instances, but also clear and transparent criteria, augmented by good communication, for patients and parents to understand the necessity and importance of buy antibiotics testing.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required..

    A vein of formIn footballing vernacular (and I’m an Buy propecia ardent student) a ‘vein of form’ means a good can i buy zithromax run. For whatever reason ‘something’ gelled, continues to gel and there are no reasons to see an end to the gelling. The reasons can be purely sporting (the mix of players, the 3-5-2 vs the 4-2-3-1 formation) or related to the aura a winning side builds, respect (timidity and fear perhaps) induced by the seeming insuperability of can i buy zithromax the side. But, what does this mean now and in the long term?.

    The bottom line is that outcomes (results) breed outcomes, an area under scrutiny can i buy zithromax in this issue. From causation to interpretation, our papers illustrate this more articulately than my ungainly analogy manages.Prematurity. Decodifying outcomesThis issue is rich with detail on research and perspectives on the developmental trajectories of preterm babies equally relevant for non-neonatologists as those whose day jobs are NICU-based. €˜But isn’t this old hat? can i buy zithromax.

    €™ I hear you protest… Emphatically ‘no’, as the surface has only really been scratched especially in the previously-considered-risk-free late preterm and early groups. Neora Alterman and colleagues’ analysis of educational can i buy zithromax outcome by degree of prematurity in babies recruited in the UK Millennium Cohort Study included 12 081 children assessed at 11 years by parental report. The overall prevalence of SEN of 11.2% and, by GA subgroup, was inversely associated with gestational age. At <32 weeks the prevalence of 27.4% with an adjusted relative risk of 2.9 (95% CI 2.0 to 4.1).

    Those born at early term (37–38 weeks), a much larger contributor numerically at a can i buy zithromax population level, were at higher risk of SEN (aRR=1.33. 95% CI 1.11 to 1.59). Think about this the next time you reassure the parents of a 38 week gestation baby that ‘there’s no can i buy zithromax need for follow-up as we don’t see problems at this age’.Neil Marlow puts the population attributable risks in perspective, argues the case for health-educational linkage and for looking beyond the (let’s be honest) rather crude dichotomy of the SEN label.Lex Doyle and colleagues reviews of outcome data in extremely preterm babies over time using data from various sources. The Victoria cohort studies from 1991, the Victoria Cerebral Palsy (CP) register and other comparable studies.

    Progress has been slow and can i buy zithromax erratic. Progress in CP but the academic performance gap worsened. Without refinements to ante- and postnatal identification and intervention this discussion will simply continue. See pages 842, can i buy zithromax 833 and 834MicrocephalyIt’s well known that microcephaly (<2 SD below the mean) of any degree is predictive of later developmental, hearing and visual problems with a clear dose response association.

    The Zika-related epidemic microcephaly epidemic in the mid 2010s focused on the most severely affected babies but the population attributable risks of more subtle damage both at an individual level and outside the Brazil and Caribbean epicentres. The findings from two national surveillance studies estimating the degree of Zika zithromax related congenital microcephaly from the Australian and Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Unit/Programmes by Carolos Nunez’s and Shaun Morris’ groups respectively go can i buy zithromax some way to answering this. Data from the 2016–18 (Australia) and 2016–2019 (Canada) estimate similar incidences of microcephaly (1.12 and 0.45 babies/ 10 000 births) with extremely few being Zika related.A high proportion of babies in both studies had associated dysmorphology and, sadly but unsurprisingly, fared badly. In a knight’s move thinking way, there’s an additional lesson here.

    Despite the low incidence so far outside South and Central America, we can’t completely count on the geographical and meteorological fastidiousness can i buy zithromax of the aedes aegyptae mosquito. Remember how easily Yellow fever and Dengue sneaked into the US from South East Asia some decades ago the aedes larvae vector crossing the oceans nestling in pools of water in the base of untreated rubber tyres. Aedes is simply a metaphor of the way in which our fates/outcomes are all interconnected and that Global health (and no one needs reminding as the zithromax continues can i buy zithromax to ebb, flow and confound and ice caps melt) isn’t about low and middle income countries alone. See page 849Parenteral nutritionFar from being the finished article, parenteral nutrition continues to evolve.

    In a ‘Voices from history’ piece, Rachel Pybus and John Puntis outline its heritage from William Harvey’s discovery of circulation in the 17th century to a period of awakening in the wake of, in 1949, work by the Medical Research Council showing that the components of proteins (digested casein, amino acids and polypeptides), could be administered intravenously. The idea gained traction and popularity during the 1970s with breakthrough ideas in the means of adding the ‘other components’, lipids and to this day is finding new uses in areas can i buy zithromax unimaginable in the heady post war era. See page 921Consent can be a difficult issue, especially in children’s health. We describe two cases where our current zithromax has caused a novel issue in this area.A child with a complex background presented with croup to their can i buy zithromax local district general hospital.

    While there was no suspicion of buy antibiotics , hospital policy dictated all admissions to the ward should be screened for buy antibiotics, regardless of presentation. The mother refused consent for the swab as she can i buy zithromax did not display the classical symptoms. The second patient presented to a tertiary hospital with high temperatures and joint pain and met the hospital criteria for buy antibiotics testing. The mother refused consent for the swab, though agreed to isolate with the family for 2 weeks.

    The child was treated with suspected buy antibiotics precautions while an inpatient.In the first case, the child would not have met criteria for testing due to symptoms alone and only required the test for admission, though the can i buy zithromax patient was quickly well enough for discharge, and there was no ongoing consequence for nursing care, precautions or bed management. In the second case, despite the child having a temperature and requiring admission, the mother refused consent for the buy antibiotics swab as she did not want to distress her son. The fever mandated the child being treated as a possible case of buy antibiotics, which led to a clear impact on staff caring for the child, bed management as well as the contacts of the patient.We know, as defined by our legal bodies, we can over-rule parents withholding consent if lack of intervention would result in death or severe permanent disfigurement can i buy zithromax. Clearly, this is not the case in these instances, though in times of a global zithromax, the arguable moral and social obligations to carry out appropriate screening are not being met.

    Such obligations are not normally enforceable, but the picture becomes complicated with the existence of UK buy antibiotics laws and penalties for failing to comply.The solution to this situation of consenting for buy antibiotics swabs is probably exploring the reasons why consent is withheld. Parents may simply be worried about the procedure, hence time and gentle explanation may can i buy zithromax be all that is needed. However, while awaiting a result, the child and family may need to isolate and this could result in loss of school time, loss of parental earnings and impact the psychosocial well-being of families. Another influencing factor may be the fear of a positive result, and this may lead to the problems just described.Both these cases were discussed in can i buy zithromax an ethics committee meeting.

    While there is no clear answer, clearly we should not be refusing treatment based on a refusal of screening, especially in children. There is a need for published guidance for these instances, but also clear and transparent criteria, augmented by good communication, for patients and parents to understand the necessity and importance of buy antibiotics testing.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required..

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Zithromax and cardiac problems

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Lose the shirt off my back? Nah.

When life got dicey, I opened my closet doors, bypassed the blouses, and earned a (modest) payday by selling used hangers in 25-pack bundles.

More recently, I put my hustle into play at 500 Startups, the world’s most active venture capital fund and startup accelerator, where I led content, branding, marketing, operations, and corporate partnerships for business development and global programs.

Before transitioning into tech, I worked in higher education, teaching online research and media production classes across a variety of disciplines at the University of California, Berkeley. During that time, I also worked as the Director and Executive Producer of Digital Media Projects at the Blum Center for Developing Economies, where I co-founded and led The #GlobalPOV Project, a mixed-media approach to thinking about poverty, inequality, and undertaking poverty action.

In addition, I was the Director of Media at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, where I had the opportunity to interview Bashar al-Assad in his presidential palace in Damascus, Syria, in late December of 2010. I asked Assad if he considered himself a dictator. He dodged the inquiry, but his actions in the immediate weeks, months, and years to follow answered the question . . . and then some. Sadly.

Before that, I was a practicing journalist and graduate fellow at the University of Southern California. During that time, I worked as a web reporter and photographer for KCET’s “SoCal Connected,”​ as an online editor for the London-based New Statesman magazine, and as the co-editor-in-chief of USC Annenberg’s award-winning digital news website. I got my start in journalism as a full-time associate editor (and employee #20!) at P✪PSUGAR, a Sequoia-backed content and commerce startup turned global media empire.

My freelance reporting has been featured in NBC, CBS, and ABC news broadcasts and in online publications, including The Huffington Post. I have also done manuscript editing for various authors with recognized commercial and university presses.

Zithromax and cardiac problems

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